There are various methods of tooth extractions. Individual teeth may require special treatment based on criteria such as whether the tooth will be replaced with an implant or if the site will be augmented or filled in with a bone product.
This type of extraction often requires the dentist to use a motorized drill to remove some of the bony plates that hold teeth in place. Often the doctor will use a small surgical blade to release the gum tissue from the tooth and a dental handpiece or drill to section the tooth and remove fragments. A common application for a surgical removal is a molar with multiple roots.
This type of extraction requires the dentist to use hand instruments to remove the tooth. Elevators are a non-powered hand tool that can place pressure on individual teeth to release them from the bony jaw plates holding them in place. A common application for a simple removal is an exposed tooth or a root presented above the gumline. It can be easily accessed with non-powered instruments and removed with light pressure.